Fuel Consumption and Greenhouse Gases Guide

Introducing the New
Fuel Consumption Label From 1 January 2001 all new passenger vehicles, four wheel
drives and light commercial vehicles sold in Australia
carry a fuel consumption label on the windscreen.
The label will tell you how many litres of fuel the vehicle
uses to travel 100 kilometres when driving around the city. The lower the number on the label,
the less fuel the vehicle uses.
Using the fuel consumption label is one way to compare
the fuel consumption of vehicles. This Fuel Consumption
Guide and the data on the internet site
(www.greenhouse.gov.au/transport/fuelguide) allows you
to make a comprehensive comparison. The Guide and
internet site also provide highway cycle fuel consumption
data for all passenger vehicles. The top passenger vehicle
performers are listed in this Guide as well.
The fuel consumption label, a Commonwealth Government
initiative, has been introduced to raise consumer awareness
of fuel-efficient cars. Once you have bought your new
vehicle the fuel consumption label can be removed.

Fuels and Greenhouse Gases
Alternative fuels such as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)
produce less carbon dioxide per litre than petrol. For every
litre of petrol used 2.3 kilograms of carbon dioxide is eleased from the exhaust. For every litre of LPG used,
1.5 kilograms of carbon dioxide is released from the exhaust.
Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas that contributes to
global climate change.
A vehicle using LPG will have a higher fuel consumption
than the same vehicle using petrol. This is due to different
fuel densities between LPG and petrol. For example,
a vehicle using LPG with a city cycle fuel consumption
of 15 L/100km may have a city cycle fuel consumption
of 12 L/100km when using petrol. The greenhouse gas
emissions for the LPG vehicle, travelling 15,000 kilometres
annually, will be 3375kg compared to 4140kg of emissions
when the vehicle uses petrol. 765 kg less greenhouse gases are being emitted each year from the vehicle using
LPG, which is a better outcome for our environment.
The following table compares annual greenhouse gas
emissions from vehicles travelling 15,000 kilometres
annually, with varying fuel consumption rates using
petrol and LPG.

Contents
1Foreword
4Introducing the New Fuel Consumption Label
5Fuels and Greenhouse Gases
6Using this Guide
Purpose of this Guide
Fuel consumption tables
Rounding of fuel consumption data
How fuel consumption is determined
7 City and highway tests
Your car’s fuel consumption
Use of unleaded petrol in pre-1986 vehicles
8Why improve your fuel consumption?
Buying a new car?
910 Top tips for fuel efficient driving
11Top passenger vehicle performers
14Table 1: Passenger cars (petrol)
30Table 2: Passenger cars (diesel)
31Table 3: Passenger cars (LPG )
32Table 4: Light commercial and
four-wheel drive vehicles (petrol)
37How to calculate annual fuel costs
38Annual fuel costs
39Fuel consumption record
43Conversion chart
44Abbreviations

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